Look to Hawaii’s Past to Build Future

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The following editorial was originally published in the Honolulu Star-Advertiser on Sunday, September 1 2019 as part of the "Raise Your Hand" column in the Insights section.

By: Bronson Azama , Castle High School, Class of 2020

An Native American proverb says, “Only when the last tree is cut, only after the last river has been poisoned, only after the last fish has been caught, only then will you find that money cannot be eaten.” These wise words, warning humans of the bitter reality that money alone cannot sustain a population, are relevant in the controversy surrounding the Thirty Meter Telescope.

Protests have urged people to evaluate what exactly constitutes the idea of “progress” being championed by both sides. We must ask ourselves, what is progress? Is it just giving jobs to our people? Is it just science? Is it just technology? Can it be tradition? The conflict has created a false narrative pitting tradition against progress. The reality is that they are not mutually exclusive, and we can look toward tradition to move forward and create a better future.

Mauna A Wakea has already been impacted by destructive human activity. Chemical spills above a known aquifer in the 1980s and 1990s, the destruction of habitats for endangered species, and the disregard for religious practices have all reduced the sanctity of the mountain. These injustices must be weighed against the purported benefits of bringing jobs to the community and the continued study of the stars.

Although Hawaiians have always valued understanding the stars, we must also understand that Hawaiians practiced sustainability, bioengineering, and lived in harmony with nature. Although it is of great benefit to the astronomy community, TMT is simply not a sustainable practice. The question is: Do we look into space, or do we malama, take care of, this place? In the ahupua‘a of He‘eia, located on the Windward side of Oahu, the coexistence of science and culture is in full effect. Organizations such as the National Oceanic Atmospheric Agency (NOAA) and the Hawaii Institute for Marine Biology (HIMB) have partnered with numerous community organizations in the area including the Ko‘olaupoko Hawaiian Civic Club, and Kako‘o ‘Oiwi, to create the National Estuarine Research Reserve System (NERRS).

The NERRS project is a partnership between government officials, community members and academia to integrate traditional Native Hawaiian agricultural practices with modern restoration efforts to improve the ecology of freshwater and saltwater ecosystems.

Currently in He‘eia, they are restoring ancient taro patches, better referred to as lo‘i kalo, and a loko I’a, or fishpond. The removal of invasive species has resulted in the return of native birds and fish. Let nature speak for itself that the land is healing through malama aina. The return of sustainable practices has opened a door in the present. Research to ver- ify how the ecosystem is improving, including the water quality and native birds and their behavior, help contribute to other restoration efforts.

Narratives dictating that tradition is not progress and that culture is not science need to be broken. For me, being able to drink water that comes from my aquifer without harmful chemicals and bacteria is progress.

Being able to swim in our bodies of water without worrying about infections is progress. Being able to eat food that grows from my land and fish that comes from my sea is progress. Having a home designed in harmony with nature is progress. Returning to our traditional concepts of life is progress. Sustainability, eco-friendliness and bioengineering, are ways to create and measure this progress.

Despite our different backgrounds, we must view each other as equals and work together to better Hawaii Nei through sustainable methods that have allowed us to thrive for so long. Honoring the past and using it to propel us into the future — now that is the start of progress.

Mauna Kea Opponents Exemplify Leadership In Diverse Ways

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The following editorial was originally published in the Honolulu Star-Advertiser on Sunday, August 4, 2019 as part of the "Raise Your Hand" column in the Insights section.

By: Sophia Starr, Pahoa High School, Class of 2021

The battle for Mauna Kea has been fueled by passion and forward thinking. From the perspective of a millennial, I have never been so active in a movement that instantly grabbed my attention and had such gravity. Mauna Kea has brought diverse individuals together: astronomers, local community members, cultural practitioners, government officials, and celebrities to advocate for the future of the summit. Local kia‘i have been persistent with their message. The grassroots efforts of TMT opponents, the ability to look past challenges and have the perseverance to continue, is leadership in its natural form. The people spreading aloha, supplying resources, and providing safety atop the mountain have built an empire of teamwork and effective communication. 

The leadership exhibited by kia‘i on the mauna in this issue is unlike anything I have ever witnessed. I think there is much to learn from them. Their efforts can clearly be categorized into James Kouzes and Barry Posner’s Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership, consisting of: model the way, inspire a shared vision, challenge the process, enable others to act, and encourage the heart. Enabling others to act and encouraging the heart in particular have been at the very core of this whole ordeal. Activists have strived to create an atmosphere of hope and respect for human dignity and have taken to social media to spread their message. Many young students have been very engaged with the subject since protests started. More and more of my peers, especially those who are not able to be atop the summit, have begun broadcasting their opinions on social media, a feat that I haven’t seen with other political issues. To me, it seems like everyone has an opinion on TMT. The youth have even started a small trend to change their profile picture to represent the kanaka maoli standing with the mauna and the people who are dedicated to the cause. 

Additionally, the rampant use of social media has led to rallies proliferating across our islands, nationwide, and around the globe. The physical presence of protests, like those in Alaska and Nevada, which are thousands of miles away, is empirical proof that this movement has the traction and power to reach beyond our geographic location. These people, though far removed from the summit, resonated with the message of the movement so much that they felt inspired to act. Mauna Kea is not just a Hawaii or Native Hawaiian issue but is a human rights and social issue. 

Regardless of whatever you believe about TMT, there should be nothing but praise for the fearless and coordinated efforts of those on Mauna Kea. The establishing of Pu'uhuluhulu University and sharing of food, water, and shelter, plus the genuine ethic of care has shown how a movement can lead to the formation of a community. They have transformed the summit to a display of aloha and solidarity. These individuals are not just waving signs or occupying a space. They are engaged with the sharing of their knowledge and practices. The kupuna were unafraid of being arrested, an ultimate display of their unwavering belief in the face of adversity. 

There is much to learn from a group of people who have caused a local issue to garner the international spotlight. These driven individuals have projected leadership in a unique way for the younger generations. The younger generations will hear about how a community of Hawai‘i were fearless in taking action and responsibility about our future to a whole new extent. Although it is uncertain what the outcome of the summit will be, it will surely be revolutionary if not groundbreaking.